SpongeBob SquarePants is A american animated tv show created by marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The show chronicles the adventures and endeavors associated with title character and his various friends in the fictional city that is underwater of Bottom. The series' popularity has managed to make it a media franchise, as well as the highest rated series to ever air on Nickelodeon, as well as the most distributed home of MTV Networks. The media franchise has produced $8 billion in merchandising income for Nickelodeon.
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Many of the tips for the series started in an unpublished, educational book that is comic The Intertidal Zone, which Hillenburg created in 1989. He began developing SpongeBob SquarePants into a tv series in 1996 upon the termination of Rocko's Modern Life, and turned to Tom Kenny, who had worked with him on that show, to voice the titular character. SpongeBob was initially likely to be named SpongeBoy, and the series was to be called SpongeBoy Ahoy!, but these were both changed, as the true name had been already trademarked.
Nickelodeon held a preview for the series in the United States on May 1, 1999, after the television airing of the 1999 Kids' Choice Awards. The series officially premiered on July 17, 1999. It has received worldwide critical acclaim since its premiere and gained enormous popularity by its second period. An attribute film, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, premiered in theaters on November 19, 2004, and a sequel was released on February 6, 2015. On July 21, 2012, the series was renewed and aired its season that is ninth with the episode "Extreme Spots".
The show has won a variety of prizes, including six Annie Awards, eight Golden Reel Awards, two Emmy Awards, 12 youngsters' option Awards, and two BAFTA Children's Awards. The series has been involved in several public controversies, including one centered on speculation over SpongeBob's intended sexual orientation despite its widespread popularity. In 2011, a newly described species of mushroom, Spongiforma squarepantsii, was named following the cartoon's title character.
The show revolves around its title character and his different buddies. SpongeBob SquarePants is a dynamic and sea that is optimistic (although their appearance more closely resembles a kitchen sponge) who lives in a sea pineapple and loves his work as a fry cook at the Krusty Krab. He has a pet snail, Gary, who meows like a cat. Living two houses down from SpongeBob is their friend that is best Patrick Star, a dim-witted yet friendly red starfish who lives under a rock. Despite his "mental setbacks", Patrick still sees himself as intelligent. Squidward Tentacles is SpongeBob's next-door co-worker and neighbor at the Krusty Krab. Squidward is an arrogant and octopus that is ill-tempered lives in an Easter Island moai and dislikes his neighbors (especially SpongeBob) due to their childlike behavior. He enjoys playing the clarinet and painting self-portraits, but hates his job as a cashier.
Another close friend of SpongeBob is Sandy Cheeks, a squirrel from Texas. She is a scientist and an expert in karate. She lives in an underwater tree dome. When outside of her dwelling, she wears a suit that is astronaut-like she cannot breathe underwater. Mr. Krabs, a miserly crab obsessed with money, is who owns the Krusty Krab restaurant and SpongeBob's boss. Their rival, Plankton, is a small green copepod who owns a low-rank fast-food restaurant called the Chum Bucket, located over the road from the Krusty Krab. Plankton spends nearly all of his time about to take the recipe that is secret Mr. Krabs' popular Krabby Patty burgers, to be able to gain the top hand and put the Krusty Krab out of business.
Other recurring characters appear throughout the series, such as SpongeBob's ever-suffering driving teacher Mrs. Puff; Mr. Krabs' whale daughter Pearl; Plankton's computer wife Karen; the muscular lifeguard of Goo Lagoon, Larry the Lobster; a pirate specter known as The Flying Dutchman; and retired superheroes Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy, who are idolized by SpongeBob and Patrick.
The series predominantly takes place in the underwater city of Bikini Bottom which, according for some third-party sources, is situated in the Pacific Ocean beneath the life that is real reef Bikini Atoll. The citizens reside in mostly buildings that are aquatic-themed use "boatmobiles", amalgamations of vehicles and boats, as a mode of transport. Recurring establishments present in Bikini Bottom include two contending restaurants, the Krusty Krab and also the Chum Bucket; Mrs. Puff's Boating School; and Shady Shoals Rest Home. Goo Lagoon, a popular beach hangout, is within the vicinity regarding the city, as is Jellyfish Fields.
As soon as the crew began production regarding the pilot, they were tasked with designing the stock locations where "...the show would go back to repeatedly, plus in which a lot of the action would occur, such while the Krusty Krab and SpongeBob's pineapple house". The idea for the show was "to keep every thing nautical", so the crew used an amount that is great of, wood planks, ships' wheels, netting, anchors, boilerplates, and rivets in creating the show's setting.
The series features "sky flowers" as a main environment product. They first starred in the pilot while having since become a feature that is common the series. When series background designer Kenny Pittenger was expected what they certainly were, he answered, "They function as clouds in a real way, but since the show takes spot underwater, these are typicallyn't really clouds". Because the show had been influenced by tiki, the background painters need to use plenty of pattern. Pittenger said that the sky flowers were designed to "evoke the appearance of A hawaiian that is flower-print shirt